- On April 2, 2019
- In Sightseeing Info
Abu Simbel Sun rays
The Sun rays on the Holy of Holies in the Temples of Abu Simbel twice every Year 22 February and 22 October.
The Sun passes through the front corridor of the entrance of Ramses II temple, 200 meters long, until it reaches the Holy of Holies.
The Holy of Holies consists of a platform that includes the statue of King Ramesses the Second sitting next to it the statue of the god Ra Hor his sister and the god Amun and the fourth statue of the god Ptah.
Interestingly, the Sun does not perpendicular to the face of the statue of “Ptah” which was considered by the ancient god of darkness.
The phenomenon of sun-aging lasts only 20 minutes on that day.
The first is that the ancient Egyptians designed the temple based on astronomy to determine the beginning and enrichment of the agricultural season. The second story is that these two days coincide with the day of the birth of King Ramses II and the day he sits on the throne.
The phenomenon of the sun was celebrated before 1964 on 21 February and 21 October, and with the transfer of the temple to its new location, change the timing of the phenomenon to 22 February and 22 October.
The Abu Simbel Temple was built after the construction of the High Dam due to the accumulation of water behind the High Dam and Lake Nasser. The international campaign to save the remains of Abu Simbel and Nubia between 1964 and 1968 was initiated by UNESCO in cooperation with the Egyptian government at a cost of $ 40 million.
Moving the temple by dismantling the parts and statues of the temple and re-installed in its new location at a height of 65 meters above the river level, and is one of the greatest works in archaeological engineering.
The Temples of Abu Simbel were discovered on August 1, 1817, when the Italian explorer Giovanni Belonzi succeeded in finding them between the sands of the south.
The phenomenon of sun constipation was discovered in 1874, when the explorer “Emilia Edwards” and the accompanying group, this phenomenon and recorded in her book published in 1899 entitled “A thousand miles over the Nile.”
King Ramses II built his large temple in Abu Simbel, and built beside him the temple of his beloved wife Queen Nvartari.
The phenomenon of the Sun is still puzzling scientists in various areas, and become the secret of industrial phenomenon of astronomical miracle, which is celebrated by tourists and visitors to the Temple of Abu Simbel twice a Year a big mystery.