Luxor is also called "the world's largest open-air museum" because the ruins of the Egyptian temple complex at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Just across the Nile River are the ruins, temples, and tombs of the West Bank Theban Necropolis, including the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, which attract tourists from all over the world to visit the sites of Luxor each year, contributing significantly to the economy of the modern city.
Luxor has been known by many names throughout the different eras. Initially called the "Western" city, then "Tyba" by the Romans, "the city of a hundred doors," as described by the Greek poet Homer in his Iliad, it was also called "the city of the sun" and "the city of light." Thebes' founding dates back to the 4th Dynasty around 2575 B.C. M